Hermann Winkelmann (Tenor) (Braunschweig 1848 - Mauer, Vienna 1912)
Hermann Winkelmann was born in Braunschweig in 1849. His father, Theodore Christian Ludewig Winkelmann, was the founder of Zeitter & Winkelmann, piano manufacturers, and he himself planned to continue his father's trade. He went to Paris to study piano construction, but while there he decided to become a singer. He had his initial training in Paris, and later with Koch in Hanover.
Winkelmann made his debut as Manrico in Verdi's Il trovatore in the Court Theatre of Sondershausen in 1875. He then sang in such places as Altenburg, Darmstadt, and Leipzig. He joined the Hamburg State Opera in 1878.
The first role he created was that of Anton Rubinstein's Neron, in a German translation at the Theater an Dammtor in Hamburg on 1 October 1879 (it did not have its Russian premiere until 1884).
Winkelmann became a Heldentenor specialising in the music dramas of Richard Wagner, and was known for the title roles of Tannhauser and Lohengrin, and as Walther von Stolzing in Die Meistersinger von Nurnberg.
Most notably, Wagner himself chose Winkelmann to create the title role of Parsifal at the Bayreuth Festspielhaus in 1882, and he sang it there until 1891, usually alongside Amalie Materna, the creator of the role of Kundry.
He was seen at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, during the Hamburg Opera's London visit in 1882, under Hans Richter. He created Tristan in London; in fact, he and Richter required so many rehearsals of Tristan und Isolde that this caused the postponement of the premiere of Hubert Parry's latest symphony. He was also the first Walther to be heard in London. He also sang Lohengrin and Tannhauser there, and participated in a then-rare performance of Beethoven's Choral Symphony, also under Richter.
In 1883 Winkelmann became a member of the Vienna Court Opera, where he was celebrated mainly for his Wagner performances. He was the first Tristan in Vienna (1883), and also the first Otello in that city, where he remained until 1906.
In 1884 he appeared in the United States at Wagner festivals in New York, Chicago, Boston and Cincinnati, some under the baton of Theodore Thomas.
He later sang in concert, oratorio and lieder. He retired from the stage in 1907, and died at Mauer, Vienna, in 1912, aged 62.
His son Hans Winkelmann was also an opera singer.
RECORDINGS FOR SALE
Meistersinger von Nurnberg (Wagner) Fanget an! (Werbelied) Berliner 42014 1529A
Meistersinger von Nurnberg (Wagner) Morgenlich leuchtend Berliner 42015 1530A
Trovatore (Verdi) Einsam steh' ich (Standchen) Berliner 42016 1528A
Tannhauser (Wagner) Lied an die Venus G&T 3-42370 6771b
Lohengrin (Wagner) Hochstes Vertrauen G&T 042110 479c
Dalibor (Smetana) Blickst du mein Freund G&T 3-42299 6770b
Meistersinger von Nurnberg (Wagner) Weilten die Sterne im lieblichen G&T 3-42465 6769b
Tannhauser (Wagner) Loblied an die Venus Favorite 1-25077 2307-f
Prophete (Meyerbeer) Triumphlied Favorite 1-25081 2322-f
Prophete (Meyerbeer) Pastorale Favorite 1-25080 2321-f
Meistersinger von Nurnberg (Wagner) Traumlied Favorite 1-25078 2308-f
Liebesgluck (Sucher) Favorite 1-25079 2309-f